Coco Peat

Coco Peat is the non-fibrous, spongy, light weight, corky material that holds together the coir fibre in coconut husk. It was in early 90’s that the horticultural use of coco peat was discovered and the material demand has been in the rise ever since. Globally known by the name Coco Peat, they are also known as Coco Coir in the US and Coir Pith in the Middle-East. It is a 100% organic, natural and bio-degradable substance which was the by-product of Coconut Fibre Extraction process, but not any more. It is now the co-product of coconut fibre extraction process.


Coco Fiber Bales

Coconut coir is an ecologically friendly by product of the coconut industry. Coconut coir is a natural fiber extracted from the husk of the coconut and is strong and durable which is used in different products such as floor mats, door mats, brushes and mattresses. Bale Coir Fiber is an excellent potting medium for starting seeds and potting plants. The most important factors in high quality coco coir like how it is harvested, prepared, and processed. Coir (coconut fiber) is the fiber processed from coconut husks that have been cured in fresh water.  Then, they’re removed from the water bath and dried for over a year. After the drying process, which is quite extensive, the coir is organized into bales. Thus, the bale fiber is produced through traditional milling by separating the long bristle fiber from the coconut husk after retting in husk pits. Combined longer and shorter fibers help to create a soil alternative that has exceptional water holding capacity.

Coconut Husk Chips background ,Use for Planting material

Coconut Husk Chips

These are the cut pieces of coconut husk. They are good bedding ground in a terrarium and widely used in horticultural application
Coconut Husk chips Can be supplied as 5kg blocks.
Husk chips have a huge water holding capacity. They can accumulate up to 9 times of water of their weight. The use of Husk chips will save water and time, Promotes excellent root growth, Promotes faster plant growth, Avoids stress after repotting, Lasts longer than bark based medium, Cuts down fertilizer application by half, Consistent quality and less or no wastage and is cheaper than bark. Husk chips are available in compressed form.
Our Coconut Husk Chips are a consistent media that will last longer than bark, in fact our Coconut Husk Chips will last in your media for 3 to 5 years.
Coconut Husk Chips work great in all types of potting mixes or stand alone. They will hold water and release it evenly as the mix dries out, similar to a sponge.

Applicatons of Coco Peat

Cocopeat in Horticulture
⦁ As a substrate or growing medium in Greenhouses
⦁ As an amendment to improve the soil texture, soil aeration and moisture retention capacity
⦁ Coco Peat, being sustainable and eco-friendly, is used as a substitute to Peat Moss as Peat Moss harvesting is found to be contributing to Global Warming
Composted Coco Peat is used as an Organic Manure
⦁ As an ingredient in potting soil to improve the moisture retention capacity and buffering capacity of the potting soil
⦁ In nurseries for seed germinations and growing seedlings as they can retain moisture and maintain an ideal condition for seed germination
⦁ Coco peat, being light weight and being able to retain moisture, are used by hobby growers as substrate in roof gardening

Industrial applicatons of Coco Peat

  • Coco Peat, having a spongy structure, is used as an oil absorbant
  • As an insulator in the production of Fuse Plugs and similar applications
  • In manufacturing of Particle Boards
  • Used in extraction of natural dyes

Cocopeat for Animal Bedding and Mulching

  • Coco Peat along with Coco Chips are widely used as Animal Bedding for Horse Stables
  • Coco Chips finds application in Animal Bedding for Exotic Pets like Lizards, Spiders, Frogs and Snakes
  • Coco Chips is used as a mulch in Landscaping

What makes Coco Peat Ideal for Horticulture Purpose?

⦁ High moisture retention capacity, capable of retaining upto 800% of moisture (by its dry weight)
⦁ High cation exchange capacity varying from 20 to 30 meq/100g
⦁ Improves soil aeration, allowing roots to breath
⦁ Improves soil buffering capacity as coco peat is mostly tolerant to pH variations
⦁ Thanks to its spongy nature, coco peat can store and release nutrients to the plants on demand
⦁ Coco peat can be reused for upto 5 years after which it can be used for composting or added directly into the soil
⦁ Most importantly coco peat is from a 100% natural and replenish-able source – the coconut husk – which makes it the best choice as an alternative to peat moss

Advantages of Coco Peat

⦁ Coco peat is light, easy to handle and can even be re used for upto four years.
⦁ The physical and biochemical properties of cocopeat makes it resistant to bacterial and fungal growth.
⦁ It has pH of 5.2 to 6.8 which is neutral to slightly acidic. This makes it great to be mixed with alkaline garden soil.
⦁ Coco peat can store and release nutrients to plants for extended periods of time.
⦁ It has great oxygenation properties which are important for healthy root development.
⦁ Coco peat is perfect soil conditioner, and it can retain moisture upto eight times of its volume.
⦁ Coco peat is uniform in texture, and easy to handle. Unlike soil, it does not from any mud
⦁ Coco peat is eco-friendly, organic and sustainable